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Yahoo Reports Second Quarter 2016 Results


SUNNYVALE, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--July 18, 2016--Yahoo! Inc. (NASDAQ: YHOO) today reported results for the quarter ended June 30, 2016.

“With the lowest cost structure and headcount in a decade, we continue to make solid progress against our 2016 plan. Through disciplined expense management and focused execution, we delivered Q2 results that met guidance across the board and in some areas exceeded it,” said Marissa Mayer, CEO of Yahoo. “In addition to our efforts to improve the operating business, our board has made great progress on strategic alternatives. We are relentlessly focused on delivering shareholder value.”




Q2 2015 Q2 2016

GAAP revenue $ 1,243  $1,308 
million million


Cost of revenue - $200  $466
TAC million million


Goodwill and intangibles         $ -                     $482
impairment*                             million               million


Loss  from $(45)  $(490)
operations million million

Non-GAAP income   $108  $39 
from operations million million
Net loss               $(22)  $(440)
million million
Adjusted EBITA $262  $172
million million

GAAP net earnings $(0.02)  $(0.46)
per diluted share

Non-GAAP net   $0.16  $0.09
earnings per  
diluted share

* See further discussion related to goodwill and intangibles impairment below

Our second quarter GAAP revenue and Cost of revenue – TAC were impacted by a required change in revenue presentation related to the Eleventh Amendment to the Microsoft Search Agreement (“Change in Revenue Presentation,” as discussed below). Specifically, $252 million of GAAP revenue and Cost of revenue – TAC for the second quarter of 2016 was due to the Change in Revenue Presentation. Excluding the impact of this change, GAAP revenue would have been $1,055 million, a 15 percent decline from the second quarter of 2015, and Cost of revenue – TAC would have been $214 million, a 7 percent increase from the second quarter of 2015.

Business Highlights

Platforms

  • Kept Yahoo Mail one of the highest rated mail apps in both the App Store and Google Play, with major updates for iOS and Android versions, including an unsend feature, contact improvements, and a document preview feature.
  • Introduced support for Live Video on Tumblr with YouNow, YouTube, Kanvas and Upclose so that Tumblr can serve as a premier publishing and discovery platform to broadcast, watch and share live videos no matter where they’re created.

Verticals

  • Launched updates to Yahoo News, Sports, and Finance on desktop along with new updated Sports and Finance apps for a cleaner, faster more personalized experience.
  • Hosted the first-ever live streams of Berkshire Hathaway’s annual shareholders meeting, which had more than 1.8 million views across devices in both English and Mandarin, and Adrian Wojnarowski’s coverage of the NBA Draft, which attracted approximately 3.7 million total views, with an average watch time of 34 minutes per user.

Advertising

  • At our NewFront event, announced new video programming along with opportunities for our advertisers, and expanded open viewability measurement to include Yahoo Gemini native video in partnership with Moat, giving marketers more ways to measure their Yahoo Gemini native video campaigns.
  • Launched a new content marketing offering, Yahoo Storytellers, and a new mobile offering, Yahoo Tiles, for advertisers.

Non-Core Assets

  • Generated additional value for shareholders through the sale of Santa Clara real estate which generated $246 million in net cash proceeds.
  • Established Excalibur LLC to explore the divestiture of more than 4,000 non-strategic patents and pending applications.

Second Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights

Mavens Revenue*:


Q2 2015  Q2 2016 

Mavens revenue $401  $504
million million

Non-Mavens   $723  $749
revenue million million


Total traffic-driven $1,124  $1,253
revenue million million

Non-traffic-driven $119  $55
revenue million million


GAAP revenue $1,243  $1,308
million million

* The Change in Revenue Presentation contributed $119 million to Mavens revenue, $133 million to Non-Mavens revenue and $252 million to traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2016

Mavens revenue represented 36 percent and 40 percent of traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2015 and 2016, respectively. Excluding the impact of the Change in Revenue Presentation, Mavens revenue would have been $385 million and represented 38 percent of traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2016.

Mobile Revenue*:

 


Q2 2015  Q2 2016 

Mobile revenue $252   $378
million million

Desktop revenue $872  $875
million million


Total traffic-driven $1,124  $1,253
revenue million million

Non traffic-driven $119  $55
revenue million million


GAAP revenue $1,243  $1,308
million million

* The Change in Revenue Presentation contributed $119 million to mobile revenue, $133 million to desktop revenue and $252 million to traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2016

GAAP mobile revenue for the second quarter of 2015 and 2016 was $252 million and $378 million, respectively.

Mobile revenue represented 22 percent and 30 percent of traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2015 and 2016, respectively. Excluding the impact of the Change in Revenue Presentation, mobile revenue would have been $259 million and represented 26 percent of traffic-driven revenue in the second quarter of 2016.

Gross mobile revenue for the second quarter of 2015 and 2016 was $415 million and $414 million, respectively. The Change in Revenue Presentation did not impact gross mobile revenue in the second quarter of 2016.

Search Revenue:

  • GAAP search revenue was $711 million for the second quarter of 2016 compared to $528 million for the second quarter of 2015. Excluding the impact of the Change in Revenue Presentation, which contributed $252 million to search revenue in the second quarter of 2016, search revenue decreased by 13 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • Gross search revenue was $765 million for the second quarter of 2016, a decrease of 17 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015. The Change in Revenue Presentation did not impact gross search revenue in the second quarter of 2016.
  • Cost of revenue - TAC paid to search Affiliates was $392 million for the second quarter of 2016, a 270 percent increase compared to the second quarter of 2015. Excluding the impact of the Change in Revenue Presentation, which contributed $252 million to Cost of revenue - TAC in the second quarter of 2016, Cost of revenue – TAC paid to search Affiliates increased by 32 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • The number of Paid Clicks decreased 24 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • Price-per-Click increased 8 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.

Display Revenue:

  • GAAP display revenue was $470 million for the second quarter of 2016, a 7 percent decrease compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • Cost of revenue - TAC paid to display Affiliates was $74 million for the second quarter of 2016, a 21 percent decrease compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • The number of Ads Sold increased 9 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.
  • Price-per-Ad decreased 15 percent compared to the second quarter of 2015.

Goodwill and Intangibles Impairment:

During the second quarter of 2016, we determined that there were indicators present to suggest that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the Tumblr reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. We recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $395 million and a non-cash intangibles impairment charge of $87 million related to our Tumblr reporting unit. The goodwill and intangibles impairment charges resulted from a combination of factors, including decreases in our projected Tumblr operating results and estimated future cash flows.

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Marketable Securities:

  • Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities were $7,665 million as of June 30, 2016 compared to $6,833 million as of December 31, 2015, an increase of $832 million. The increase is primarily attributable to $776 million of cash from operating activities, which includes $157 million in cash dividends received from an equity investee and a cash tax refund of $190 million received during the first quarter of 2016. The Company also received net cash proceeds of $246 million from the sale of land in Santa Clara and incurred capital expenditures of $152 million.

"I'm pleased that we crossed the first half of the year showing progress on our 2016 plan and the guidance we provided. By continuing to focus on revenue, both GAAP and ex-TAC, and excellent expenditure management of cost and capital, we reported increased cash flow and a strong balance sheet through the second quarter as exemplified by our cash and marketable securities of nearly $7.7 billion," said Ken Goldman, CFO of Yahoo.

Change in Revenue Presentation:

Pursuant to the Eleventh Amendment to the Microsoft Search Agreement, the Company completed the transition of its exclusive sales responsibilities to Microsoft for Microsoft’s paid search services to premium advertisers in the United States, Canada, and Europe on April 1, 2016 and in its remaining markets (other than Taiwan and Hong Kong) on June 1, 2016. Following the transition in each respective market, Yahoo is considered the principal in the sale of traffic to Microsoft and other customers because Yahoo is the primary obligor in its arrangements with Microsoft and has discretion in how search queries from Affiliate sites will be fulfilled and monetized. As a result, amounts paid to Affiliates under the Microsoft Search Agreement in the transitioned markets are recorded as Cost of revenue - TAC rather than as a reduction to GAAP revenue, resulting in GAAP revenue from the Microsoft Search Agreement being reported on a gross rather than net basis. Taiwan and Hong Kong will not be transitioned, and TAC in those markets will continue to be reported as a reduction to revenue.

Live Stream:

Yahoo will live stream a video broadcast of the Company's second quarter 2016 financial results at 2:30 p.m. Pacific Time/5:30 p.m. Eastern Time today. The live stream will be broadcast from Yahoo’s Sunnyvale studio and will be available exclusively on Yahoo Finance at finance.yahoo.com . The Company will provide its business outlook for the third quarter and full year of 2016 during the presentation. Supplemental financial information can be accessed through the Company’s Investor Relations website at investor.yahoo.net . The video will be archived after the event at investor.yahoo.net and will be available for 90 days following the broadcast.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

This press release includes adjusted GAAP revenue and cost of revenue - TAC amounts that exclude the effect of the Change in Revenue Presentation during the second quarter of 2016. We believe providing this additional information to investors is useful because it provides investors with comparable revenue and cost of revenue -TAC measures for comparison to our historical reported financial information.

This press release and its attachments also include the following additional financial measures defined as non-GAAP financial measures by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”): gross mobile revenue; gross search revenue; revenue ex-TAC; adjusted EBITDA; non-GAAP income from operations; non- GAAP net earnings; non-GAAP net earnings per share - diluted; and free cash flow.

Gross mobile revenue is GAAP mobile revenue plus the related revenue share with third parties. Gross search revenue is GAAP search revenue plus the related revenue share with third parties. Revenue ex-TAC is GAAP revenue less cost of revenue - TAC. Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP income from operations, non- GAAP net earnings and non-GAAP net earnings per share - diluted, exclude from the most comparable GAAP financial measures certain gains, losses, and expenses that we do not believe are indicative of ongoing results, and exclude stock-based compensation expense. Adjusted EBITDA also excludes taxes, depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, other (expense) income, net (which includes interest, among other items), earnings in equity interests, and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. Free cash flow is GAAP net cash provided by operating activities (adjusted to include excess tax benefits from stock-based awards), less acquisition of property and equipment, net (i.e., acquisition of property and equipment less proceeds received from disposition of property and equipment) and dividends received from equity investees.

These measures may be different than non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The presentation of this financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). Explanations of the Company’s non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of these financial measures to the GAAP financial measures the Company considers most comparable are included in the accompanying “Note to Supplemental Financial Data and GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations,” “Supplemental Financial Data and GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations,” and “GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations.”

About Yahoo:
Yahoo is a guide to digital information discovery, focused on informing, connecting, and entertaining users through its search, communications, and digital content products. By creating highly personalized experiences, Yahoo helps users discover the information that matters most to them around the world –– on mobile or desktop. Yahoo creates value for advertisers with a streamlined, simple advertising technology stack that leverages Yahoo’s data, content, and technology to connect advertisers with their target audiences. Yahoo is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, and has offices located throughout the Americas, Asia Pacific (APAC) and the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) regions. For more information, visit the pressroom ( pressroom.yahoo.net ) or the Company's blog ( yahoo.tumblr.com ).

“Ads Sold” consist of display ad impressions for paying advertisers on Yahoo Properties and Affiliate sites.

“Affiliates” are third-party entities that have integrated Yahoo’s advertising offerings into their websites or other offerings (those websites and other offerings, “Affiliate sites”).

“Alibaba Group” means Alibaba Group Holding Limited. In September 2014, Alibaba Group completed its initial public offering of American Depositary Shares (“ADS”), in which Yahoo was a selling shareholder.

“Desktop computer” means a desktop or laptop computer, and “desktop revenue” is revenue generated from search and display ads served on Desktop computers and also includes leads, listings and fees revenue and ecommerce revenue allocated to user activity on Desktop computers.

“Gross mobile revenue,” a non-GAAP measure, is GAAP mobile revenue plus the related revenue share with third parties. “Gross search revenue,” a non-GAAP measure, is GAAP search revenue plus the related revenue share with third parties.

“Mavens revenue” is revenue generated from, without duplication: (i) mobile (as defined below), (ii) video ads and video ad packages, (iii) native ads, and (iv) Tumblr and Polyvore ads and fees.

“Microsoft Search Agreement” refers to the Search and Advertising Services and Sales Agreement between Yahoo and Microsoft Corporation, as amended.

“Mobile revenue” is revenue generated in connection with user activity on mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets, regardless of whether the device is accessing a mobile-optimized service. Mobile revenue is generated primarily from search and display ads. Mobile revenue also includes leads, listings and fees revenue and ecommerce revenue allocated to user activity on mobile devices.

“Native revenue” is revenue generated from native ads (search and display) on Yahoo Properties as well as third-party partner publisher sites and mobile apps. Native ads are visually rich, are positioned as a seamless part of the users' experience, and come in a variety of formats, like text, image, and video. Yahoo offers native ads through Yahoo Gemini and the BrightRoll Demand-Side Platform (DSP).

“Net earnings” means net income (loss) attributable to Yahoo! Inc., and “net earnings per diluted share” means net income (loss) attributable to Yahoo! Inc. common stockholders per share – diluted.

“Non-Mavens revenue” is revenue generated from search ads and traditional (i.e., non-native, non-video, non-Tumblr, non-Polyvore) display ads served on Desktop computers and also includes leads, listings and fees revenue and ecommerce revenue allocated to user activity on Desktop computers.

“Non-traffic-driven revenue” is revenue not arising from user activity on Yahoo Properties or Affiliate sites, and includes royalty revenue, license fee revenue, amortization under the technology and intellectual property license agreement with Alibaba Group through the third quarter of 2015, and all other revenue that is not traffic-driven.

“Paid Clicks” are clicks by end-users on sponsored search listings (excluding native ads) on Yahoo Properties and Affiliate sites. “Price-per-Ad” is defined as display revenue divided by our total number of Ads Sold.

“Price-per-Click” is defined as Search click-driven revenue divided by our total number of Paid Clicks.

“Search click-driven revenue” is gross search revenue excluding search revenue from Yahoo Japan.

“TAC” refers to traffic acquisition costs. TAC consists of payments to Affiliates and payments made to companies that direct consumer and business traffic to Yahoo Properties.

“Yahoo,” “Company,” and “we” refer to Yahoo! Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

“Yahoo Properties” refers to the online properties and services that Yahoo provides to users.

We periodically review, refine and update our methodologies for monitoring, gathering, and counting number of Ads Sold and Paid Clicks, and for calculating Search click-driven revenue, Price-per-Ad, and Price-per-Click. Methodology changes are applied consistently to all periods presented. No changes were made in the currently reported period.

Additional information about how “Ads Sold,” “Paid Clicks,” “Price-per-Ad,” “Price-per-Click,” and “Search click-driven revenue” are defined and calculated is included under the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, which is on file with the SEC and available on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.

This press release contains forward-looking statements concerning Yahoo's expected financial performance and Yahoo's strategic and operational plans (including, without limitation, the quotations from management) and their projected impact, as well as, Yahoo's review of strategic alternatives. Risks and uncertainties may cause actual results to differ materially from the results predicted, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. The potential risks and uncertainties include, among others, risks related to Yahoo’s ability to continue to attract and maintain mobile users and grow its mobile revenue; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to continue to grow Mavens revenue; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to grow users, user engagement and pageviews; risks related to growing advertiser engagement; risk of potential reduction in spending by, or loss of, advertising customers; risks associated with the Microsoft Search Agreement and the Services Agreement with Google Inc.; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to provide innovative search experiences and other products and services that differentiate its services and generate significant traffic; risks associated with Yahoo’s ability to manage its operating expenses effectively and improve profitability; risks related to acceptance by users of new products and services; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to compete with new or existing competitors; dependence on third parties for technology, services, content, and distribution; risks related to acquiring or developing compelling content; security breaches; interruptions or delays in the provision of Yahoo’s services; adverse results in litigation; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to recruit and retain key personnel; risks related to possible impairment of goodwill or other assets; risks related to Yahoo’s ability to protect its intellectual property and the value of its brands; risks related to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; risks related to joint ventures and the integration of acquisitions; risks related to Yahoo’s regulatory environment; risks related to Yahoo's international operations; risks related to the calculation of our key operational metrics; and general economic conditions. With respect to Yahoo’s exploration of strategic alternatives, there is no assurance any transaction will be consummated, and the process of exploring strategic alternatives will involve the dedication of significant resources and the incurrence of significant costs and expenses. All information set forth in this press release and its attachments is as of July 18, 2016. Yahoo does not intend, and undertakes no duty, to update this information to reflect subsequent events or circumstances. More information about potential factors that could affect the Company's business and financial results is included under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, as amended, and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2016, which are on file with the SEC and available on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in those sections in Yahoo’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2016, which will be filed with the SEC in the third quarter of 2016.

Yahoo!, the Yahoo family of marks, and the associated logos are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Yahoo! Inc. Tumblr is a registered trademark of Tumblr, Inc. Other names are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective owners.





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